Archive for the ‘Eviction for Roads’ Category

Houses constructed next to the river

Houses constructed next to the river


It is now becoming a common feature in the newspaper to read an individual or a group of people also known as Project Affected Persons (PAPs) raising concerns how infrastructure development projects are being implemented in their locality. From Kitui, Kajiado to Turkana local people have raised issues about these projects in their areas. To some bureaucrats, financiers, investors and contractors PAPs are unreasonable, narrow minded, short sighted and as described by Nation newspaper columnist recently ‘a group with over exaggerated sense of rights’. Why do PAPs emerge with grievances in the middle of the project implementation and how best can their issues be addressed?

People are now more informed than before when community rarely asked questions but instead clapped for any kind of development coming their way. The cases that have been highlighted in the media, has exhibited limited lack of involvement, engagement, participation and consultation by between the state agencies concerned and the people.
Currently people in Kajiado are not happy and are seeking same treatment as other areas when it comes to compensation for way leaves (power lines) to pass through their area. Consulting the locals and even undertaking an exchange program would have helped reduce misunderstanding between the organs concerned. The Standard Gauge Railway project is also bound to encounter similar challenges since most of its land have either been grabbed or encroached after many years of being partially in operation. The conditions set by the financiers of the project are not known to the PAPs. The institutional frame work should as much as possible work to address emerging concerns during the appraisal stages.

Kenya’s geo strategic locations and recent discovery of oil and other minerals has and will ‘force’ the government to rethink how best to strengthen its position in the region by investing in infrastructure and to improve the living standards of its citizens so as to attract more investment. Any good citizen will support the state when it comes to development but the government should protects it people against exploitation of any form.

There has been a lot of encroachment on land set aside for development in different parts of our country and this calls for proper engagement mechanisms to developed from appraisal to implementation stages. If today we are to implement rehabilitation of Nairobi River Project be sure that from Kibera to Mathare that there will be thousands of people to be relocated.
An extensive public consultation for PAPs can be an expensive affair but also very beneficial for the success of any project. Social development specialists must play a critical role in highlighting community concerns during Environmental and Social Impact Assessment since this will show a significant connection between the project being implemented and the community. Building schools, hospitals and boreholes goodies should go a step further by education and creating more awareness about the real benefits of the project being implement. As a society it will be naïve not to expect a person who is just about to be dislocated or whose property will be affected not to raise any concern.

traders 1The much awaited Nairobi Outering Road improvement project will start next month with traders operating along the road corridors expected to be relocated in the Nairobi County Markerts. This is according to Dr. Evans Kidero, the Nairobi City County Governor as reported in the Daily Nation of 17/9/2014.
The recently completed Eastleigh First Avenue which had traders operating along it busy road saw most of the small scale businesses disrupted to pave way for the upgrading of the road. The development of the road has greatly reduced traffic jam while it has also forced traders to seek alternatives elsewhere.
One thing that has come out during the upgrading of major roads in Nairobi is the ill preparedness of the Nairobi County to devise strategies of assisting small scale traders resettled before and during road construction. In Eastleigh, public lands have all been either grabbed or sold to private developers. The once famous Eastleigh Nairobi City County Market is no more.
The Nairobi City County government must develop strategies to help resettle small scale traders since this is a common feature along main Nairobi roads; From Mlango Kubwa to Outering Road about, City Stadium to Donholm Road About, at Kangemi , GSU roundabout and Githurai Thika Superhighway all have been invaded by small scale open air traders.
All the City County Markers along these major roads are full to capacity while the newly constructed stalls are controlled by private developers during allocations and are beyond the reach of ordinary open air traders which cost between Ksh. 150,000 to Ksh. 200,000 depending with where it is located.
Appraisal and Environment and Social Impacts reports give very little mention of small scale open air traders while it is also assumed that Nairobi City County will make prompt investment in relocating the traders to officially recognized spaces. In these reports permanent structure owners and landlords are at advantageous position to argue out for proper compensation than small scale open air traders.

SAM_0339The experience of designing, constructing, using and maintain Thika Road Super Highway should be treated like a manual for implementing future such projects in Kenya. From the look of things, this road is one of a kind in Kenya not only in terms of cost but importance and number of cars using it per day.
However the number of accidents occurring almost on a daily basis can be quite alarming. Pedestrians are seen in most cases ignoring foot bridges and attempting to cross at undesignated points while in some sections, traders have invaded walking and cycling lane. Very few people are seen cycling along the road.
Outering Road is soon to be upgraded with almost near facilities like footbridges, sidewalk and cycling lanes. This is going to be totally new experience for

If there is one area that questions are emerging about the road is the design and number of accidents being reported on a daily basis? Outering Road designers can build on the experience of Thika Road-Super Highway to construct a road which will motivate cyclists, safe for pedestrians to walk, have fewer accidents given that Outering Road is cutting through densely populated communities.

Communities living on both sides of Outering Road interact with each other more frequently for work, to access banking facilities, supermarkets, markets; religious and learning institutions on daily basis and people are seen crossing the road more frequently. High speeding driving in newly constructed roads in Kenya is very common. Driving from Pangani to Thika town, one will see high speed driving, visible accidents signs where we have turn and road signs knocked down.

Lessons from Thika Road Super Highway should help stakeholders to think ways of reducing speed and erecting foot bridges at appropriate points. Pedestrians on both sides of Outering Roads are used to crossing narrow road for now hence need for proper public awareness while the road is under construction and after completion on the importance of using food bridges.

DSCF5194
There has been so many ongoing projects along roadside like laying of cables along Juja Rd. This is a trend that is most likely to continue with advancement in technology.
Below is a check list from http://www.kenha.co.ke/index.php?option=com_jdownloads&Itemid=148&view=viewdownload&catid=15&cid=20

Checklist/Requirements for Roadside Developments
1. Application to construct or improve access roads to Class A, B, or C roads
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• A survey of the property from the Survey of Kenya
• Detailed Engineering Design Drawings with general layout, cross-sections and all other relevant details to scale (2 copies).
• A geo-referenced map (UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum) giving location and affected plot(s) in relation to the road (2 printouts and soft copy (CAD)).
• Complete application copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

2. Application to lay communication cables along and/or across class A, B or C roads
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• Detailed Engineering Design LayoutDrawings overlain on a properly geo-referenced map (UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum)showing cadastral data, longitudinal profile, cross-sections of typical trenches and road crossings (micro-tunneling), junctions and manholes/handholes with coordinates and all other relevant details to scale.Coordinates (X, Y) list for all the utility line bends and manholes/handholes should also be included in the map. Layout drawings should be provided for a scale of 1:2500 for the general layout and 1:500 for the details (crossings) and provided in 2 printed copies and in soft (CAD).
• Where service ducts are provided, the applicant shall not be allowed to lay the cable at any other point.
• Copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

3. Application to lay water pipelines along and/or across class A, B or C roads
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• Detailed Engineering Design Drawings overlain on properly geo-referenced maps (UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum)showing pipeline network and pipeline size(s), layout and profiles in relation to road, cross-sections of typical trenches and road crossings(reinstatement details where applicable), details of river crossings, road over rail/river bridge crossings & anchorages and all other relevant details to scale. Coordinates (X, Y) list for all the utility line bends and manholes should also be included in the map. Layout drawings should be provided for a scale of 1:2500 for the general layout and 1:500 for the details (2 printed copied & soft copy(CAD)).
• Where appropriate service ducts are provided, the applicant shall not be allowed to lay the pipe at any other point.
• Copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

4. Application to lay sewer lines along and/or across class A, B or C roads
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• Detailed Engineering Design Drawings overlain on properly geo-referenced maps (UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum) showing pipeline network and size(s), layout and profiles in relation to road, cross-sections of typical trenches and road crossings(reinstatement details where applicable) and all other relevant details to scale. Coordinates (X, Y) list for all the utility line bends and manholes should also be included in the map. Layout drawings should be provided for a scale of 1:2500 for the general layout and 1:500 for the details (2 printed copied & soft copy (CAD)).
• Copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

5. Application to erect power lines along and/or across class A, B or C roads and,
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• For underground cables, Detailed Engineering Design Drawings overlain on properly geo-referenced maps(UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum) detailing cable size(s), layout in relation to road, cross-sections of typical trenches and road crossings(micro-tunneling), road over rail/river bridge crossings & anchorages and all other relevant details to scale. Coordinates (X, Y) list for all the utility line bends and manholes should also be included in the map. Layout drawings should be provided for a scale of 1:2500 for the general layout and 1:500 for the details (2 printed copied & soft copy(CAD)).
• For overhead cables, detailed Engineering Design layout drawing showing the cable route and the position of all poles overlain on a properly geo-referenced map.
• Copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

6. Application to install any form of advertisement on road reserves along class A, B or C roads
• Application letter detailing the proposed developments and justification.
• A properly geo-referenced location map (UTM map projection, Arc 1960 Datum) showing all salient features and the location of the advertisement structure (with coordinates) in relation to the road and other existing utilities. Maps should be provided for a scale of 1:2500 for the general layout and 1:500 for the details (2 printed copied & soft copies(CAD)).
• For the support structure, detailed Engineering Design Drawing and supporting computations certified by a Registered Structural Engineer (2 copies).
• Copied to Regional Manager of respective region for comments/consent following a site visit. Alternatively a site visit report from an officer from HQ.

DSCF5194John Kamau has been operating a small Kiosk along Outering Road for the last ten years. When he saw a Chinese worker supervision digging of drainage along next Mathare River that is when he realized that government was serious about Outering Rd Upgrade project.
Together with some friends who has seen this blog, they came looking and I shared the proposed design of the road and how his business will be affected. I also shared various reports from KURA and African Development Bank.
Looking at these report, small scale traders were surprised that they had not been consulted or involved. Now they are wondering what will happen to their source of livelihood.
Small scale traders have now ganged up and written a petition to KURA and African Development Bank. I will be given a copy of their signed petition which I promised to share on this blog.

SidewalkWhen I started the Outering Road Upgrade Project blog, I thought it would be easy. Talking to people, taking pictures and making new friends. I was wrong. I have just gotten myself into trouble. The number of inquiries I receive range from how will the design of the road be like, who will be relocated, who will be compensated, how will the the project affected persons be assisted to access compensation and much more.
I therefore decided to go back and do proper research since when going out people want to know. There is very little inform for the project affected persons.
I am currently reading documents related to the road. Going to KURA has not been much help. I was told to write an official letter by gatekeeper at the office since I did not have an appoint.

From Friday, this blog will start real features on OUTERING ROAD UPGRADE PROJECT

Some of the places and scenery that will change once the road upgrade is completed;
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